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These include periodic reports by UNESCO, However, no work to date has documented the extent of damage to all of Syria’s World Heritage sites using recent high-resolution satellite imagery coupled with news media, social media, and verified, on-the-ground information.
This report provides an assessment of all six Syrian World Heritage sites by comparing each site prior to the current conflict to their current status, as visible in satellite imagery.
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din Conclusion Acknowledgements References Cited Executive Summary In partnership with the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology’s Penn Cultural Heritage Center (Penn CHC) and the Smithsonian Institution, and in cooperation with the Syrian Heritage Task Force, the Geospatial Technologies and Human Rights Project of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) undertook an assessment of Syria’s World Heritage sites using high-resolution satellite imagery (Figure 1).
The potential for harm extends to all six Syrian sites that have been inscribed on the World Heritage list.
An additional image, captured on 10 August 2014, was acquired to supplement the 14 July 2014 image.Since that time, the fighting in Aleppo has intensified, which has led to damage to multiple important historical sites throughout the Ancient City. Debris is present across the area and blocks of structures have been reduced to rubble.Many of these are large and built with durable materials, such as stone, brick, and mud brick adobe, suggesting intense bombing.During the past two years, Aleppo has been at the frontline in the present conflict.On 15 July 2012, the International Committee of the Red Cross characterized the escalating conflict as a “civil war,” a designation that has since entered into common usage in the news media.